ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF ARABICA COFFEE(TEA COFFEE)

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Arabica coffee is a particularly delicious type of coffee which is very popular in the world, Vietnam is one of the countries growing this popular strain.

Tea coffee is the Vietnamese name for the coffee species because this species has small leaves, trees often leave low varieties of tea plants a popular industrial tree in Vietnam. Tea coffee has two types: moka coffee and catimor coffee.

Scientific name: Coffea arabica

Vietnam is now a country with the largest annual export volume of coffee from 900,000-1.2 million tons. But so far the country only has central warehouses mainly in Lam Dong, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Tri, Nghe An, Hoa Binh and S with the most economic value among coffee plants. Ara market has a delicious taste. Arabica coffee prices are usually twice as high as the prices for nearly 70% of premium coffee products in the world. Arabica is in Ethiopia, East Africa. Brazil and Colombia are the two main exporters of the highest coffee.

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HIGH QUALITY ARABICA COFFEE IN VIETNAM

In Vietnam, the districts and suburbs of Da Lat city are considered the golden paradise ”, 1,500 m high, temperate climate cool all year, the maximum temperature in the country is 5 degrees. This is the region producing the highest quality Arabica coffee, even cooler, giving the best quality Arabica coffee beans. Arabica has the highest value in Vietnam and has the same flavor quality as c Bourbon (Moka) grown in Cau Dat, Xuan Truong commune, Da Lat city. N Lam Ha, Di Linh, Duc Trong … can also plant Arabica trees. Delicious Arabica Bourbon, T is grown here …

In the north, the cold climate is influenced by no clear dry season, creating a high growth advantage for the Arabica coffee of Bai and Arabica with great taste. . To the west of Hoang Lien Son, it can be seen as similar to the Sao Paulo region of Brazil, but there are only two coffee areas, especially Chieng Ban, Sinh Ban and Son La coffee, which are just behind favored coffee. Arabica highly appreciated Caturra, Catuai and Cartimor coffee in the Northwest. Khe sanh, Huong Hoa, Quang Tri, are quite unique and interesting.

IN ADDITION TO THE BASIC ARABICA VARIETIES, WHICH HAVE BEEN GROWN BEFORE, RECENTLY, THE INSTITUTE KHKT ARABICA, AFTER MANY YEARS, HAS SELECTED 10 HYBRIDS INCLUDING TN1, TN2 … TO TN2 WITH HIGH YIELD AND GOOD QUALITY THAT HAVE BEEN ADOPTED BY THE MINISTRY INDUSTRY AND CULTIVATION DEVELOPMENT AND MOST ARE GROWN WITH CATIMOR HYBRIDS. ALTHOUGH SIMILAR TO CATIMOR, THERE ARE STILL SOME LIMITATIONS SUCH AS LOW DRINKING WATER QUALITY AND SMALL SEEDS, SO IT IS NOT COMPLETELY SATISFIED FOR CONSUMERS WHO PREFER COFFEE IN THE KHKTNLN INSTITUTE TO BREED MANY ARABICA VARIETIES. , AFTER MANY YEARS, ENDING THE QUARTER TN1, TN2 … TO TN10.

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In particular, two hybrid varieties TN1 and TN2 have high productivity and rural development to allow cultivation area. The varieties of tomato plants grow well, have many branches and reach the yield of 4 to 5 tons of coffee, 100 individuals over 15 – 17gram, high resistance to rust …

  1. Arabica coffee variety TN1 TN1 variety was bred since 1991, is the hybrid generation F1 between KH3-1 variety (source (F4 generation imported from Portugal). TN1 variety is recognized as the main variety of CCN, Planting Department , Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, December 12, 201 * Clonal propagation by non-apical grafting method * Growth of many secondary level branches * Productivity:> 5 tons / ha * Grain quality: P1 fresh / kernel: 5.5 – 6. * High resistance to rust

2. Arabica coffee variety TN2 The TN2 variety was bred since 1993, is a hybrid generation F1 between Catimor variety (Catim (Origin of Ethiopia). Like TN2, it is officially recognized according to Quyet cropping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Hamlet, December 12, 2011. TN2 has the properties by the non-rooted grafting method. * Average growth. * High level two angle * Productivity:> 4 tons / ha. * Grain quality: P100 Multiplication of rust

 

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